Orthopaedics is the branch of medicine concerned with correcting bone and muscle deformities. Man has always had a problem with broken bones. Ancient bones and fossils have been found showing fractures and the like in primitive man. Long prior to the medical art of orthopedics, ancient civilizations used hide and clay splints. During these agent time the famous architect, astrologer, politician, and physician Imhotep wrote a document about orthopedics that remains revered. Known as the Edwin Smith Papyrus, it describes such things as mandibular dislocations, spinal injuries, and fracture treatments.
Later on, in history, the Greek and Roman civilizations also contributed to knowledge in this area. The most important medical personality to appear in this time was Hippocrates who is still known as the father of medicine. It first starting taking wake as a medical movement after Nicolas Andry wrote about it in 1741. It has grown much in the many decades since with the most common orthopedic surgeries today concerning the knee and hips. Things really started to develop in the area during the 20th Century. The 1940s saw the first metal hip arthroplasty.
Today, one of the biggest movers in the Orthopedic arena is Dr. Ira Kirschenbaum. Kirschenbaum entered the field by first obtaining an undergraduate degree from Brown University, then he studied medicine at Yeshiva University’s Albert Einstein College of Medicine, followed by a fellowship with Rothman Institute. He afterward attended Harvard Business School, gaining certificates in healthcare delivery management. A few years later Dr. Ira Kirschenbaum co-founded Medscape. He has since also co-founded several other medical organizations.